How will Nano Urea increase
Farmers’ income in India: Explained
India is in global spotlight again as Indian scientists and Engineers from IFFCO finally developed and launched the world’s first Nano Urea recently. The indigenously developed ”Nano Urea”, which is in liquid form, has been produced using nano-technology. The product will provide a big relief to Indian farmers as they will now have a better income and will sell a healthier crop.
Nano Urea will replace conventional Urea and reduce its use in India by 50%. Moreover, IFFCO says that a 500ml bottle of Nano Urea contains 40,000 ppm of Nitrogen. So, nutrient provided by this ONE bottle, is equivalent to ONE full bag of conventional urea.
To learn more about this staggering product, we got in touch with Dr. Ramesh Raliya who is appointed in IFFCO as General Manager (Research and Development). Let’s hear from him more about advantages of NANO Urea, how will it benefit farmers & increase their income, its impact on irrigation, health, imports, government subsidy and a lot more.
———- BYTES – (Questions to be inserted in plates that will appear between answer bytes) ———-
Q1). How is new Nano Urea Better in terms of price?
BYTES – [ Duration – 1min 49sec to 2min 07sec + 2min 23sec to 2min 46sec ]
Q2). How is Nano Urea better in terms of crop production?
BYTES – [ Duration – 2min 49sec to 3min 6sec ]
Q3). Does Nano Urea cause any harm to crops?
BYTES – [ Duration – 3min 13sec to 3min 57sec ]
Q4). How does Nano Urea impact irrigation? Does it require more water?
BYTES – [Duration – 4min to 4min 32sec ]
Q5). What is Nano Urea’s impact on health? When will it reach farmers?
BYTES – [Duration – 5min 17sec to 5min 35sec + 5min 47sec to 6min 13sec ]
So this was Dr. Ramesh Raliya, from IFFCO, who shared with us a lot of information about Nano Urea. With this, we must also recall as to what exactly is Nano technology, using which the product has been produced.
PLATE – What is Nano Technology?
If we recall Nanotechnology, it is the study and practice of manipulating matter at incredibly small sizes. We can understand it in this way that while a piece of paper is about 1 lakh nanometers thick, nanotechnology deals with study at even smaller sizes, generally ranging from 1 to 100 nanometers.
PLATE – Nano Urea: Other Benefits
According to IFFCO, use of this nano urea will also have a huge positive impact on the quality of underground water, significant reduction in global warming with an impact on climate change and sustainable development.
What’s more? It will be far lighter in weight and its small size will significantly bring down the cost of logistics and warehousing also.
PLATE – Impact on Urea subsidy by government
Similarly, in order to support especially the small and marginal farmers, government of India also provides very heavy subsidy on urea. Here, cash is not given directly to the beneficiary. Fertiliser subsidy is universal in nature and subsidy amount is paid to the manufacturer.
Urea subsidy has increased
– from Rs 24,337 crore
– to Rs 54,755 crore
– in the last 10 years
Take, for example, the production cost of gas-based urea. It costs about Rs 900/ bag, but the farmers get it for just Rs 242, at a discount of over 70%.
India uses roughly 350 lakhs metric tonnes of urea per year. But as discussed above, use of liquid nano-urea will now reduce this consumption by 50%. This will result in government saving a lot of money which it provides as subsidy to the farmers.
PLATE – Nano urea to help in reducing Urea Imports
India today stands as world’s largest urea importer. The shortfall between domestic production and demand of urea is met through imports. And India has been heavily importing urea with a 20-25% increase in the import quantity every year.
Minister of chemicals & fertilisers DV Sadanand Gowda, in a written reply to Lok Sabha, had informed that total quantity of imported urea stood at roughly
– 60 lakh metric tonnes in FY 17-18,
– 75 lakh metric tonnes in FY 18-19
– 91 lakh metric tonnes in FY 19-20
But now, as the indigenous liquid Nano urea gets launched in the country, it will reduce India’s heavy dependence on the import of urea.
That’s all for today. If you liked the video, do like, subscribe and share with family and friends!
For Q1 byte
Price of one bottle (500 mL) of nano urea is Rs. 240 (inclusive of all taxes and there is no subsidy). One bottle of nano urea gives equal or better results when compare to conventional urea (one bottle equal to one bag of urea).
The nitrogen use efficiency of conventional urea is 30-40 %. So in comparison, nano urea is cheaper than conventional urea and performance is better. Further, require less amount by volume so will have benefit with respect to environmental (soil, air, water health) benefits.
For Q2 byte
IFFCO Nano urea as been tested by various ICAR institutes and State Agricultural Universities. As per their results, from economics perspective, it is beneficial for farmers. This significantly increase farmers income when compare to conventional urea.
For Q3 byte
IFFCO Nano Urea has been tested as per the “guideline to evaluate nano agri input”, released by the DBT- Govt of India and as per the OECD guidelines to evaluate nanoparticles safety and toxicity. The test was conducted by the GLP laboratories approved by the DST- Govt of India and ICAR – State Agricultural Universities. There is no toxicity and IFFCO nano urea is completely safe for flora and fauna.
For Q4 byte
Typically plant uptake nutrients along with water through their roots , it means soil moisture must be adequate to uptake the nutrient from soil. However, in this case of Nano urea, nutrient is being uptake by the plant leaves, hence independent to water availability in soil zone. So even in the less water, this nutrient can deliver effective nutrition to the plants.
For Q5 byte
IFFCO nano urea is completely safe for flora and fauna. This has been tested as per the “guideline to evaluate nano agri input”, released by the DBT- Govt of India and as per the OECD guidelines to evaluate nanoparticles safety and toxicity.
nano urea will be available to farmers from the first week of June onwards. Farmers can get this through IFFCO E-Bazar (online portal – https://www.iffcobazar.in/) and also by offline through cooperative societies and retailers.