The Ministry of Ayush (MoA), the Government of India has been taking a number of measures and implementing quite a few schemes to promote and harness the immense potential of Ayush systems to help the people stay healthy- which is a dream of new India. Since, Ayush system depends a lot upon home remedies, easily accessible to the general public, it is being increasingly embraced by the people. Everyone has seen how Ayush systems worked wonders to contain the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic. Besides, the MoA keeps issuing various guidelines and advisories to stay fit by adopting simple home remedial measures, which don’t cost much.
The scope for traditional health medicine may have been increasing steadily, however, it has not been able to exploit the large part of the market opportunities yet, primarily due to constraints such as fragmentation of the industry, lack of standardization of raw materials and the finished products, inadequate R&D, slow pace of modernization of production processes and technology, absence of focused marketing and branding, inadequate emphasis on HRD and others due to which Ayush sciences are not recognized as Medical & Health Care Sciences.
But, now everyone recognizes the fact that Ayush industry has the potential to contribute positively to national health programmes by providing traditionally and historically proven healthcare solutions.
Meanwhile, the MoA has collaborated with several research organizations such as ICMR, CSIR, DBT, AIIMS in New Delhi, Jodhpur and Jhajjar, King George Medical University Lucknow, Institute of Medical Sciences BHU, Govt. Medical College Nagpur, etc. to generate considerable evidence on Ayush interventions for prophylaxis and management of COVID-19.
To fill in the critical gaps in the sector especially related to standardization, quality assurance and control, productivity, marketing, infrastructure and capacity building through a cluster based approach. preferably for classical ASU and Homoeopathic drugs, Ministry of Ayush is implementing a number of schemes in the country under ‘Central Sector’ and ‘Centrally Sponsored Scheme’ categories.
Ministry of Ayush is implementing the following schemes in the country under ‘Central Sector’ and ‘Centrally Sponsored Scheme’ categories to promote the industry. Under Centrally Sponsored Scheme, it comes National AYUSH Mission (NAM).
Under National AYUSH Mission (NAM), financial assistance is provided to the State/UT Governments as per the proposals submitted by them in their respective State Annual Action Plans (SAAPs) and as per the NAM guidelines.
Below schemes are being implemented within the stipulated time limit. Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National Ayush Mission was launched in the year 2014-15. Further, its continuation has been approved by the Union Cabinet from 2021-22 to 2025-26.
Centrally sponsored schemes include the Central Sector Scheme of Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) has been approved for the period from FY 2021-22 to FY 2025-26, Central Sector Scheme of Champion Services Sector Scheme for Medical Value Travel was implemented for the period from FY 2019-2020 to FY 2021-2022, Central Sector Scheme of AYURGYAN has been approved for the period from FY 2021-22 to FY 2025-26, Central Sector Scheme of AYURSWASTHYA Yojana has been approved for the period from FY 2021-22 to FY 2025-26, Central Sector Scheme of AYUSH Oushadi Gunvatta evum Uttapadan Samvardhan Yojana (AOGUSY) was approved by Standing Finance Committee (SFC) on 16th March 2021 for five years, Central Sector Scheme for Conservation Development and Sustainable Management of Medicinal Plants FY 2021-22 to FY 2025-26, Central Sector Scheme for Promotion of International Co-operation in AYUSH has been approved for the period from FY 2021-22 to FY 2025-26,
Similarly, under Central Sector Scheme, government is implementing a number of schemes like, Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) in AYUSH, Champion Services Sector Scheme for Medical Value Travel, AYURGYAN, AYURSWASTHYA Yojana, AYUSH Oushadi Gunvatta evum Uttapadan Samvardhan Yojana (AOGUSY), Scheme for Conservation Development and Sustainable Management of Medicinal Plants and Promotion of International Co-operation in AYUSH.
Ministry of Ayush has taken various steps to increase the manufacturing companies and popularize Ayush systems of medicines like easing out licensing process, schemes to support Ayurvedic medicines production, Certification of Pharmaceutical Products (CoPP) as per WHO Guidelines for herbal products and Quality Certifications Scheme implemented by the Quality Council of India (QCI) for grant of AYUSH Premium mark to Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani products on the basis of third party evaluation of quality in accordance with the status of compliance to international standards.
Ministry of Ayush has also taken quite a few steps to popularize Ayurvedic, Unani and Homoeopathic medicines in urban areas. 12 National Institutes under the aegis of Ministry of Ayush are engaged in Outpatient and Indoor patient services. 5 Research Councils under Ministry of Ayush are also engaged in co-ordinating, formulating, developing and promoting research on scientific lines in Ayush systems of healthcare. These institutes/councils organize Arogya Melas, awareness camps, treatment camps for creating awareness on Ayush systems of healthcare among the general public. The Councils conduct research in the diverse areas comprising of Clinical Research, Medicinal Plant Research, Drug Standardization & Quality Control, Pharmacological Research and Literary & Fundamental Research to generate tangible evidence.
Under the celebration of ‘AZADI KA AMRIT MAHOTSAVA’, all National Institute and Research Councils under Ministry of Ayush organize webinars, medical camps, plantation of medicinal plants, public lectures and distribution of Ayush medicines.
Ministry of Ayush also takes various initiatives and significant steps like- issuance of advisories/ guidelines for general public and Ayush practitioners, campaigns, training of Ayush manpower, communication to states/UTs, establishment of Inter-disciplinary AYUSH R&D Task Force, launch of 150 interdisciplinary research studies, gazette notification for undertaking research on Covid-19 through Ayush systems of medicine, augmentation of human resource for the mitigation and management of Covid-19.